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What Really Happened to Phineas Gage?

In 1848, Phineas Gage survived a seemingly unsurvivable injury to his brain, but the tale of that event has become quite colorful, and inaccurate, in many cases. So, what REALLY happened to Phineas Gage?

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Sources:
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.822.6453&rep=rep1&type=pdf
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1076/0964-704X(200004)9:1;1-2;FT046
http://www.dralipour.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/classic-cases-in-neuropsychology-book.pdf#page=237
http://images.pearsonassessments.com/Images/PDF/Webinar/Cato2004.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20480430
https://www.cse.iitk.ac.in/users/se367/14/Readings/kean-14_phineas-gage-most-famous-patient.pdf

What has really happened to Phineas Gage?


https://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~jfkihlstrom/PDFs/2010s/2010/SocNeuroPhinGage_2010.pdf
https://www.britannica.com/topic/phrenology
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0037454
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/264/5162/1102?casa_token=CfVJfK8bI8kAAAAA:kJ_ZL1M3ZqekuPHtNhRpHb-ZpYnUi5Oz_95ezTIXFyX1ODPSAwu4UlPYjGx_kCTM27SLe6IyvW2x
http://newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/embargoed-for-release-until-wednesday-233846
https://www.spinalcord.com/blog/gray-matter-vs-white-matter-in-the-brain
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4396088/
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0269905031000107151
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2725928/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20480430
https://thepsychologist.bps.org.uk/volume-21/edition-9/phineas-gage-unravelling-myth
https://books.google.com/books?id=Qx4fMsTqGFYC&pg=PA51&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=3#v=onepage&q&f=false

Image Sources:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phineas_Gage_GageMillerPhoto2010-02-17_Unretouched_Color_Cropped.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/rail-of-the-railroad-gm1072740254-287087375
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Recovery_from_the_passage_of_an_iron_bar_through_the_head_figure_02.png
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/hand-written-water-damaged-vintage-letter-gm92325824-1637616
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/miniature-curved-train-railway-gm1149051258-310518981
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/wooden-wheel-gm970590006-264435393
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:First_Barnum%27s_Museum.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/phrenology-head-gm881824562-245471294
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:JacksonJBS_A_descriptive_catalogue_of_the_Warren_Anatomical_Museum_1870_frontispiece_623x1024.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/micrograph-of-normal-human-cerebellum-cortex-gm467514582-61132888
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/MRI_of_orbitofrontal_cortex.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Simulated_Connectivity_Damage_of_Phineas_Gage_4_vanHorn_PathwaysDamaged.jpg

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